Rose Class Types
Antique & Species3 Products
Antique Roses are any group of roses developed before 1867. In general, Antique/Old Garden Roses are of European or Mediterranean origin and are notably fragrant with double-flowered blooms primarily in shades of white, pink and red The introduction of China and Tea roses from East Asia around 1800 led to new classes of Old Garden Roses which bloom on new growth, often repeatedly from spring to fall.
- Very Fragrant
- Very Thorny
- Often not as disease resistant as hybrid roses
- Many are once blooming
Climbing Rose73 Products
Climbing Roses are classified by their canes which grow much longer and are more flexible than the normal (‘bush’) forms. Most Climbing roses grow anywhere from 8’–20′ in height and exhibit repeat-blooms. They lack the ability to cling to supports on their own, and must be manually trained and tied over structures such as arbors.
- Great for arbors and entry ways
- Only flower on green canes that get direct sun light
- Only prune every other to every third year to remove gray wood
- Rosa banksiae lutea is a yellow climber that has no thorns
David Austin71 Products
David Austin is a group of roses, created by cross-breeding Old Garden Roses with modern hybrid teas and floribundas. Development started in the 1960s by David Austin of Shropshire, England, who wanted to rekindle interest in the Old Garden Roses. The idea was to create a new group of roses that featured blooms with old-fashioned shapes and fragrances, but with modern repeat-blooming characteristics and the larger modern color range as well.
- Bloom form is a classic double
- Usually very fragrant
- Otto and Sons has a Test Garden for David Austin
- David Austin is now developing florist roses in addition to their garden roses
Floribunda is a cultivar group of roses originally created by crossing Polyanthas* with Hybrid Teas to create roses that bloom with the polyantha profusion, but with Hybrid Tea floral beauty and color range.
- Floribunda is Latin for ‘many-flowering’
- ‘Gruss an Aachen’ was the first floribunda (1909)
- Smaller and bushier than the average hybrid tea
- Flowers are often smaller than hybrid teas, but are carried in large sprays
- Great for hedges and along pathways*Polyanthas is a 19th century cultivar whose name literally means ‘many-flowered’ in Greek. They are a low growing/ trailing bush.
Grandiflora Roses are a cultivar group of roses created by cross-breeding Hybrid Tea and Floribunda roses. The flower size is midway between that of its parents.
- Flowers form on long stems
- Borne either singly or in small clusters
- The blooms are usually double and without a striking fragrance
- The term ‘double’ refers to a bloom with many petals. This is most exemplified by the English Garden rose class
- Ideal for cutting, exhibition, and garden display
- Consistent rebloomers
Groundcover Roses are a group of roses classified by their growing habits. They generally grow wider than they are tall, and staying below three feet in height.
- Continuous bloomers
- Great for mass plantings on hills or in large planters
- Take little to no maintenance
- Very disease resistant
- Own root
- Can be pruned by the use of a lawn mower placed as high as it will go or not pruned at all
Hybrid Tea206 Products
Hybrid Tea Roses are a cultivar group of roses created by cross-breeding two different types of roses, initially by hybridizing Hybrid Perpetuals with Tea Roses. It is the oldest cultivar group classified as a Modern Garden Rose.
- Well-formed flowers with large, high-centered buds
- Long, straight, and upright stems
- World’s most popular type of rose due to their color and flower form
- Great for cut flowers
- Most shrubs tend to be very upright
- Are repeat flowering
Miniature Rose26 Products
Miniature refers to the size of the bloom in this group of roses. Miniature Roses arose from the crossing of smaller forms of old garden roses with perpetual blooming Asian species. Today the miniature rose is represented by twiggy, repeat-flowering shrubs ranging from 6″ to 48″ in height, with most falling in the 12″–24″ height range.
- Continuous bloomers throughout spring and summer
- If pruned at all, a hedge trim is your best friend
- Great for pots and patios
Rugosa Roses are a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in northeastern China, Japan, Korea and Southeastern Siberia, where it grows on the coast, of-ten on sand dunes. They have a distinct leaf texture and produce vibrant red and orange hips in the fall.
- Unique look for any garden
- Extremely coastal tolerant
- Leaves have a spicy scent
- Very cold hardy
- Grows on its own roots
- Very disease resistant
A class for all those roses which don’t fit into any other class. A diverse group of roses including diverse habits, sizes, and flower forms.
Tree Rose154 Products
Tree Roses are actually two different roses combined into a single plant. They consists of a root stock grown up as a trunk and the canopy, which is the desired variety. A tree rose is essentially just a normal ‘bush’ rose two, three, or four feet off the ground.
- Great accent for the garden
- The trunk and the roots are a climbing variety called Dr. Huey
- If the trunk brakes it will not re-grow (It will encourage the rootstock to grow; a musty red climber)
- Requires a good strong stake